Quick Answer: What Kind Of Law Protects Reporters From Being Forced To Reveal Their Sources?

What law protects reporters from revealing their sources?

Statutory journalists’ privilege (which provides similar protections to journalists and their sources) has been enacted in various other jurisdictions, including the Commonwealth, NSW, the ACT and WA..

Why do journalists argue that freedom of the press requires that they protect confidential sources?

Proponents of protecting confidential sources argue that journalists need a well-established legal privilege, similar to the attorney-client privilege or doctor-patient privilege, to protect them from being forced to reveal confidential information in court.

What laws do journalists have to follow?

When writing a story, all journalists must consider both legal and ethical issues. Laws are in place to restrict journalists from reporting things which may damage or harm other people or organisations. Ethics means doing what is ethically and morally right, regardless of what the law might say.

Do all 50 states have shield laws?

Currently the U.S. federal government has not enacted any national shield laws, but most of the 50 states do have shield laws or other protections for reporters in place.

Can a journalist be forced to reveal confidential sources?

The idea behind reporter’s privilege is that journalists have a limited First Amendment right not to be forced to reveal information or confidential news sources in court. Journalists rely on confidential sources to write stories that deal with matters of legitimate public importance.

Are there any circumstances under which reporters should be required to reveal or protect?

A reporter/journalist can protect and keep confidential a confidential source unless the government can prove:1) That there is probable cause to believe the reporter has info that is relevant to a specific violation of the law.

Can a reporter refuses to reveal source?

Federal shield statute. Nope. … Roughly 30 states have passed statutes, called shield laws, allowing journalists to refuse to disclose or testify about confidential or unpublished information, including the identity of sources. The statutes vary significantly from state to state in the scope of their protections.

Is it illegal to have a shield?

The California shield law applies to both the source of information (“confidential sources”) and to “unpublished information” such as notes, out-takes, unpublished photographs and tapes. … On the other hand, when the prosecution seeks information in a criminal law, the shield law is absolute.

What is a shield law for journalists?

Shield laws are statutes that provide journalists either an absolute or qualified privilege to refuse to disclose sources used or information obtained in the course of news gathering.

Can a journalist reveal their source?

JOURNALISTS must protect their confidential sources if the Press is to safeguard the interests of society. … Even so, courts do attempt to force journalists to reveal their sources.

Are reporters allowed on your property?

In order for a reporter and camera crew to be able to obtain footage, they must enter the property in a lawful way and then ask the occupier of the property for permission to film. Only once permission is given can they start filming.

Why do reporters keep their sources confidential?

Journalists rely on source protection to gather and reveal information in the public interest from confidential sources. Such sources may require anonymity to protect them from physical, economic or professional reprisals in response to their revelations.