- What is anaphora and cataphora?
- What is the meaning of reference?
- What is anaphora example?
- What is Homophoric reference?
- What does Endophoric mean?
- What is Endophoric and Exophoric reference?
- What is the difference between Anaphoric and Cataphoric reference?
- What is Adjunction in figure of speech?
- What is substitution in discourse analysis?
- What is cataphora and examples?
- What is pronominal anaphora?
- What does Epistrophe mean?
- What is a repeated phrase called?
- Why is anaphora used?
- Is Anaphoric a word?
What is anaphora and cataphora?
In a narrower sense, anaphora is the use of an expression that depends specifically upon an antecedent expression and thus is contrasted with cataphora, which is the use of an expression that depends upon a postcedent expression.
The anaphoric (referring) term is called an anaphor..
What is the meaning of reference?
Reference is a relationship between objects in which one object designates, or acts as a means by which to connect to or link to, another object. … It is called a name for the second object. The second object, the one to which the first object refers, is called the referent of the first object.
What is anaphora example?
Anaphora is a figure of speech in which words repeat at the beginning of successive clauses, phrases, or sentences. … For example, Martin Luther King’s famous “I Have a Dream” speech contains anaphora: “So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire.
What is Homophoric reference?
Homophoric reference Homophoric reference is where the identity of the item can be retrieved by reference to cultural knowledge, in general, rather than specific context of the text. For example, the meaning of the phrase “the Queen” may be determined by the country in which it is spoken.
What does Endophoric mean?
Endophora refers to the phenomenon of expressions that derive their reference from something within the surrounding text (endophors). … She was lying on the beach”, “she” is an endophoric expression because it refers to something mentioned elsewhere in the text, i.e. “Sally”.
What is Endophoric and Exophoric reference?
Reference may be of two types: i) exophoric (extratextual), referring out. of the text to an item in the world; ii) endophoric (intratextual), refer. ring to textual items either by cataphora, forward reference, or anaphora, backward reference.1. i.
What is the difference between Anaphoric and Cataphoric reference?
Anaphoric reference means that a word in a text refers back to other ideas in the text for its meaning. It can be compared with cataphoric reference, which means a word refers to ideas later in the text. ‘I went out with Jo on Sunday.
What is Adjunction in figure of speech?
Adjunction is a figure of speech in which a word, phrase or clause is placed at the beginning or at the end of a sentence.
What is substitution in discourse analysis?
Substitution as another type of cohesive relation, or cohesive tie, is the process in which one item within a text or discourse is replaced by another (cf.
What is cataphora and examples?
Cataphora is a type of anaphora, although the terms anaphora and anaphor are sometimes used in a stricter sense, denoting only cases where the order of the expressions is the reverse of that found in cataphora. An example of cataphora in English is the following sentence: When he arrived home, John went to sleep.
What is pronominal anaphora?
Natural language, however, is not independent: many concepts depend on context. … In pronominal anaphora a pronoun word (anaphor) refers to a concept mentioned earlier in the text (antecedent). This type of reference can refer to something in the same sentence, but it can also span many sentences.
What does Epistrophe mean?
: repetition of a word or expression at the end of successive phrases, clauses, sentences, or verses especially for rhetorical or poetic effect (such as Lincoln’s “of the people, by the people, for the people”) — compare anaphora.
What is a repeated phrase called?
Anaphora is the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of every clause. It comes from the Greek phrase “carrying up or back”.
Why is anaphora used?
Anaphora is repetition at the beginning of a sentence to create emphasis. Anaphora serves the purpose of delivering an artistic effect to a passage. It is also used to appeal to the emotions of the audience in order to persuade, inspire, motivate and encourage them.
Is Anaphoric a word?
The adjective is anaphoric, and the term is also known by the phrases anaphoric reference or backward anaphora. A word that gets its meaning from a preceding word or phrase is called an anaphor. The preceding word or phrase is called the antecedent, referent, or head.